在CentOS7上集成Testlink和Bugzilla

发表于:2017-5-12 09:19  作者:Simon.guo   来源:博客园

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  最近到了一家新公司,公司刚刚起步,测试环境一片空白。所以我计划先setup好一些测试工具,首先要做的就是安装并集成Testlinkbugzilla。 这个过程中遇到无数的坑,特记录之...
  Apache/2.4.6
  CentOS 7.1611 64 位
  PHP 5.6.30
  mysqld Ver 5.7.17 for Linux on x86_64 (MySQL Community Server (GPL))
  Bugzilla version 4.4.12
  Testlink 1.9.13
  Perl v5.16.3
  安装过程(此处不在记录CentOS的安装了):
  1. 安装Apache
  sudo yum install httpd
  安装完毕后设置apache系统启动
  systemctl enable httpd
  systemctl start httpd
  2. 安装mysql
  在你的home目录下,(这里比较麻烦是因为 yum默认安装的不是5.7的)
  wget http://repo.mysql.com/mysql57-community-release-el7-9.noarch.rpm  (这个有可能会变化,你可以输入http://repo.mysql.com/查看那个有效)
  安装 mysql57-community-release-el7-9.noarch.rpm:
  rpm -ivh mysql57-community-release-el7-9.noarch.rpm
  安装完后,得到如下两个包:
  mysql-community.repo
  mysql-community-source.repo
  安装 MySQL:
  yum install mysql-server
  遇到疑问的地方,一路 Y 下去即可;
  systemctl start mysqld
  systemctl enable mysqld
  安装完毕后,尝试登陆mysql 用下面的命令:
  mysql -u root mysql
  由于不知道密码所以无法登陆,但是此时在  /var/log/mysqld.log 文件中会自动生成一个随机的密码,我们需要先取得这个随机密码,以用于登录 MySQL 服务端:
  grep "password" /var/log/mysqld.log
  打印如下内容:
  A temporary password is generated for root@localhost: hilX0U!9i3_6
  我们复制 root@localhost: 后面的随机字符串,这个字符串就是 MySQL 在安装完成后为我们随机生成的密码;
  12 登录到 MySQL 服务端并更新用户 root 的密码:
  mysql -u root -p
  打印出 MySQL 的版本即表明已登录;
  修改root的密码:
  After login, run the command bellow:
  step 1: SET PASSWORD = PASSWORD(‘your new password‘);
  step 2: ALTER USER ‘root‘@‘localhost‘ PASSWORD EXPIRE NEVER;
  step 3: flush privileges;
  注意:由于 MySQL5.7 采用了密码强度验证插件 validate_password,故此我们需要设置一个有一定强度的密码;
  设置用户 root 可以在任意 IP 下被访问:
  grant all privileges on *.* to root@"%" identified by "新密码";
  设置用户 root 可以在本地被访问:
  grant all privileges on *.* to root@"localhost" identified by "新密码";
  刷新权限使之生效:
  flush privileges;
  输入 exit 后用新密码再次登录看看吧!
  修改MySQL 的字符集:
  mysql> show variables like '%character%';
  +--------------------------+----------------------------+
  | Variable_name            | Value                      |
  +--------------------------+----------------------------+
  | character_set_client    | utf8                      |
  | character_set_connection | utf8                      |
  | character_set_database  | latin1                    |
  | character_set_filesystem | binary                    |
  | character_set_results    | utf8                      |
  | character_set_server    | latin1                    |
  | character_set_system    | utf8                      |
  | character_sets_dir      | /usr/share/mysql/charsets/ |
  +--------------------------+----------------------------+
  可以看到有些选项用的不是utf8, 我们要将他们改成utf8.
  打开 /etc/etc/my.cnf
  在 [mysqld] 前添加如下代码:
  [client]
  default-character-set=utf8
  在 [mysqld] 后添加如下代码:
  character_set_server=utf8
  重启:
  systemctl restart mysqld
  再次查看字符集:
  mysql> show variables like '%character%';
  +--------------------------+----------------------------+
  | Variable_name            | Value                      |
  +--------------------------+----------------------------+
  | character_set_client    | utf8                      |
  | character_set_connection | utf8                      |
  | character_set_database  | utf8                      |
  | character_set_filesystem | binary                    |
  | character_set_results    | utf8                      |
  | character_set_server    | utf8                      |
  | character_set_system    | utf8                      |
  | character_sets_dir      | /usr/share/mysql/charsets/ |
  +--------------------------+----------------------------+
  3. 安装php
  如果你已经安装了php,但是版本不是5.6,那你要升级下。 查看版本号: php -v
  升级php:
  设置一下仓库:
  wget https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm && rpm -Uvh epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm
  wget http://rpms.famillecollet.com/enterprise/remi-release-7.rpm && rpm -Uvh remi-release-7*.rpm
  打开配置文件
  vi /etc/yum.repos.d/remi.repo
  找到类似于[emi-php56]把其中的enable设成1, 其他项目中的enable都设成0
  yum -y upgrade php*
  修改php的配置已适应testlink的需要
  vi /etc/php.ini
  session.gc_maxlifetime = 2400 max_execution_time = 120
  4. 安装perl和其他包
  sudo yum install mod_ssl php-mysql php-gd php-ldap gcc perl* mod_perl-devel php-xml
  php-xml必须要安装的,因为没有这个东西导致 Fatal error: Uncaught Error: Call to undefined function simplexml_load_file() 这个错误
  安装完重新启动Apache
  永久性关闭防火墙(你也可以自己添加规则,我比较懒(:
  systemctl disable firewalld
  systemctl stop firewalld
  5. 安装Testlink
  现在最新版是1.9.16,但是这个版本与bugzilla集成时无法把bug添加到一个fail的case上,错误是当你点击你个小虫图标时,打开一个空白的窗口(这里我看过代码,是因为参数处理的问题,但是我找不到解决方案。)
  下载 testlink-1.9.13.tar.gz ,这个版本的sql脚本和mysql5.6配合有问题,所以我自己修改了下,之后会上传一下(跟时间日期有关的常量,都用 CURRENT_TIME代替就好了)
  使用mysql5.7.17时,安装1.9.13将会出现安装数据库错误,请用本文件下的sql文件代替 testlink/install/sql/mysql/testlink_create_tables.sql
# TestLink Open Source Project - http://testlink.sourceforge.net/
# This script is distributed under the GNU General Public License 2 or later.
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# @filesource testlink_create_tables.sql
#
# SQL script - create all DB tables for MySQL
# tables are in alphabetic order
#
# ATTENTION: do not use a different naming convention, that one already in use.
#
# IMPORTANT NOTE:
# each NEW TABLE added here NEED TO BE DEFINED in object.class.php getDBTables()
#
# IMPORTANT NOTE - DATETIME or TIMESTAMP
# Extracted from MySQL Manual
#
# The TIMESTAMP column type provides a type that you can use to automatically
# mark INSERT or UPDATE operations with the current date and time.
# If you have multiple TIMESTAMP columns in a table, only the first one is updated automatically.
#
# Knowing this is clear that we can use in interchangable way DATETIME or TIMESTAMP
#
# Naming convention for column regarding date/time of creation or change
#
# Right or wrong from TL 1.7 we have used
#
# creation_ts
# modification_ts
#
# Then no other naming convention has to be used as:
# create_ts, modified_ts
#
# CRITIC:
# Because this file will be processed during installation doing text replaces
# to add TABLE PREFIX NAME, any NEW DDL CODE added must be respect present
# convention regarding case and spaces between DDL keywords.
#
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
# @internal revisions
#
# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CREATE TABLE /*prefix*/assignment_types (
`id` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL auto_increment,
`fk_table` varchar(30) default '',
`description` varchar(100) NOT NULL default 'unknown',
PRIMARY KEY  (`id`)
) DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;
CREATE TABLE /*prefix*/assignment_status (
`id` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL auto_increment,
`description` varchar(100) NOT NULL default 'unknown',
PRIMARY KEY  (`id`)
) DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;
CREATE TABLE /*prefix*/attachments (
`id` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL auto_increment,
`fk_id` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL default '0',
`fk_table` varchar(250) default '',
`title` varchar(250) default '',
`description` varchar(250) default '',
`file_name` varchar(250) NOT NULL default '',
`file_path` varchar(250) default '',
`file_size` int(11) NOT NULL default '0',
`file_type` varchar(250) NOT NULL default '',
`date_added` datetime NOT NULL default CURRENT_TIMESTAMP,
`content` longblob,
`compression_type` int(11) NOT NULL default '0',
PRIMARY KEY  (`id`)
) DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;
CREATE TABLE /*prefix*/builds (
`id` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL auto_increment,
`testplan_id` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL default '0',
`name` varchar(100) NOT NULL default 'undefined',
`notes` text,
`active` tinyint(1) NOT NULL default '1',
`is_open` tinyint(1) NOT NULL default '1',
`author_id` int(10) unsigned default NULL,
`creation_ts` TIMESTAMP NOT NULL DEFAULT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP,
`release_date` date NULL,
`closed_on_date` date NULL,
PRIMARY KEY  (`id`),
UNIQUE KEY /*prefix*/name (`testplan_id`,`name`),
KEY /*prefix*/testplan_id (`testplan_id`)
) DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8 COMMENT='Available builds';
CREATE TABLE /*prefix*/cfield_build_design_values (
`field_id` int(10) NOT NULL default '0',
`node_id` int(10) NOT NULL default '0',
`value` varchar(4000) NOT NULL default '',
PRIMARY KEY  (`field_id`,`node_id`),
KEY /*prefix*/idx_cfield_build_design_values (`node_id`)
) DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;
CREATE TABLE /*prefix*/cfield_design_values (
`field_id` int(10) NOT NULL default '0',
`node_id` int(10) NOT NULL default '0',
`value` varchar(4000) NOT NULL default '',
PRIMARY KEY  (`field_id`,`node_id`),
KEY /*prefix*/idx_cfield_design_values (`node_id`)
) DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;
CREATE TABLE /*prefix*/cfield_execution_values (
`field_id`     int(10) NOT NULL default '0',
`execution_id` int(10) NOT NULL default '0',
`testplan_id` int(10) NOT NULL default '0',
`tcversion_id` int(10) NOT NULL default '0',
`value` varchar(4000) NOT NULL default '',
PRIMARY KEY  (`field_id`,`execution_id`,`testplan_id`,`tcversion_id`)
) DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;
CREATE TABLE /*prefix*/cfield_node_types (
`field_id` int(10) NOT NULL default '0',
`node_type_id` int(10) NOT NULL default '0',
PRIMARY KEY  (`field_id`,`node_type_id`),
KEY /*prefix*/idx_custom_fields_assign (`node_type_id`)
) DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;
CREATE TABLE /*prefix*/cfield_testprojects (
`field_id` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL default '0',
`testproject_id` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL default '0',
`display_order` smallint(5) unsigned NOT NULL default '1',
`location` smallint(5) unsigned NOT NULL default '1',
`active` tinyint(1) NOT NULL default '1',
`required` tinyint(1) NOT NULL default '0',
`required_on_design` tinyint(1) NOT NULL default '0',
`required_on_execution` tinyint(1) NOT NULL default '0',
PRIMARY KEY  (`field_id`,`testproject_id`)
) DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;
CREATE TABLE /*prefix*/cfield_testplan_design_values (
`field_id` int(10) NOT NULL default '0',
`link_id` int(10) NOT NULL default '0' COMMENT 'point to testplan_tcversion id',
`value` varchar(4000) NOT NULL default '',
PRIMARY KEY  (`field_id`,`link_id`),
KEY /*prefix*/idx_cfield_tplan_design_val (`link_id`)
) DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

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